What is Cystitis

Cystitis is the medical name given to an inflammation of the bladder. 1 out of 3 women will experience at least one episode in their lifetime. The feeling that you need to urinate more often and suffering from uncomfortable or even painful urination are two of the main symptoms that indicate you may be suffering from cystitis.

Normally when you urinate it should not be painful, and your urine should be the colour of straw. The amount of urine you produce varies according to what you've been eating or drinking.

Cystitis is usually caused by a bacterial infection, but it could be also the result of damage or irritation to your bladder (non-infectious cystitis). There are many causes of inflammation, so if you suffer frequently from cystitis, keeping a diary and recording when you get cystitis may help you to determine what triggers it for you.

Causes of a bladder infection (infectious cystitis):

  • Not emptying your bladder fully when your urinate
  • Pressure on your bladder due to pregnancy
  • Using a diaphragm
  • Wiping the wrong way after going to the toilet (you should wipe front to back)

Causes of irritation or damage in your bladder (non-infections cystitis):

  • Hormone changes e.g. menopause
  • Nicotine
  • Dehydration
  • Vigorous sex
  • Chemicals and perfume in soaps
  • Ketamine use
  • Diabetes
  • Wearing a catheter